To start this off, I guess it best I write down what i have in mind when i say Far Right.
The terms far right, or extreme right, describe the broad range of political groups and ideologies usually taken to be further to the right of the mainstream center-right on the traditional left-right spectrum. Far right politics commonly involves support for social inequality and social hierarchy, elements of social conservatism and opposition to most forms of liberalism and socialism. Both terms are also used to describe Nazi and fascist movements, and other groups who hold extreme nationalist, chauvinist, xenophobic, racist, religious fundamentalist or reactionary views. The most extreme right-wing movements have pursued oppression and genocide against groups of people on the basis of their alleged inferiority.I
I place a lot of importance on Cas Mudde’s 3 key features when defining the Far Right: Authoritarianism, Populism and Nativism. I also believe the Far Right’s policies to often include xenophobia, racism, antisemitism, nationalism and the belief in a strong state (the first 4 can be classified as Nativism as well). I hesitate to use ‘anti-democracy’ as a significant feature in Far Right policy.
In Hungary there is one main party that represents the Hungarian Far Right and that is the Jobbik. Historically, before the rise of the Jobbik, the MIÉP (Hungarian Justice and Life Party) were the only real Far Right actor, however the party lacked any serious support. These two parties usually go into coalition along with the small Independent Smallholders Party to form the ‘MIÉP-Jobbik Third Way Alliance’.
Next post: All about Jobbik.